Ninth Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry

Ninth Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry

courtesy of U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service,
Antietam National Battlefield

The Ninth Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry was organized at Camps Wilkins and Wright, both near Pittsburgh, during June and July, 1861. The regiment was consolidated at Camp Wilkins on July 18th and ordered to Camp Curtin, Harrisburg. It was mustered into Federal service there on July 21, 1861. Nine hundred and eighteen officers and enlisted men were mustered into service as members of the unit.

More detailed information has been found on the various companies of the regiment. This material is shown below.

"A" recruited in Pittsburgh
"B" recruited in Pittsburgh
"C" recruited in Pittsburgh
"D" recruited in Pittsburgh
"E" recruited in Alleghany County
"F" recruited in Crawford County
"G" recruited in Pittsburgh
"H" recruited in Beaver County
"I" recruited in Pittsburgh
"K" recruited in Pittsburgh

All Pennsylvania units bore consecutive volunteer designations. For normal infantry units this designation was the same as its numeric designation. For units of the Reserve Corps and for cavalry and artillery regiments this designation differed, however. The volunteer number of the Ninth Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry was the Thirty-Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Like almost all Civil War units, the Ninth Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry was often known by an alternate designation derived from the name of its commanding officer. Names of this type used by or for the regiment are shown below.

Conrad F. Jackson's Infantry
Robert Anderson's Infantry
J. McK. Snodgrass' Infantry
Charles Barnes' Infantry
Henry Fuhren's Infantry
James T. Sherman's Infantry
Samuel B. Dick's Infantry
Hartley Howard's Infantry

Soon after being mustered into service the regiment was ordered to Washington, D. C. There it joined the Army of the Potomac. The regiment served in that Army until April, 1862. It then joined the Departmen tof the Rappahannock. In June, 1862, the regiment returned to service in the Army of the Potomac, serving in that Army until August, 1862. The unit then saw service in Pope's Army of Virginia. In September, 1862, the unit again returned to the Army of the Potomac. The regiment was placed in the Department of Washington in February, 1863, serving in that command until June, 1863. It then returned to the Army of the Potomac, serving in that Army for the remainder of its career.

The list below identifies the specific higher command assignments of the regiment.

Third Brigade, McCall's Pennsylvania Reserve Division, Army of the Potomac / July 1861 - March 1862

Third Brigade, Second Division, I Corps, Army of the Potomac / March 1862 - April 1862

Third Brigade, McCall's Division, Department of the Rappahannock / April 1862 - June 1862

Third Brigade, Third Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac / June 1862 - Aug. 1862

Third Brigade, Third Division, III Corps, Army of Virginia / Aug. 1862 - Sept. 1862

Third Brigade, Third Division, I Corps, Army of the Potomac / Sept. 1862 - Feb. 1863

Third Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserve Division, XXII Corps, Department of Washington / Feb. 1863 - June 1863

Third Brigade, Third Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac / June 1863 - May 1864

The Congressional Medal of Honor was awarded to Private Samuel Johnson, Company "G", for his conduct at the Battle of Antietam, Maryland, September 17, 1862. A quote from his citation follows:

"... individual bravery and daring in capturing from the enemy two colors, receiving in the act a severe wound ..."

The Ninth Pennsylvania Reserve Infany participated in more than twenty-five various type engagements during its career. These are identified below. [Numbers after the events locate them on a map; unfortunately my copy of the map cannot be scanned satisfactorily.]

Operations at the Great Falls of the Potomac River, Md. (1) / Sept. 9 - 16, 1861

Reconnaisance to Hunter's Mills, Va. (Companies "A", "B", "D", "F", and "G") / Nov. 19, 1861

Expedition to Grinnell's Farm near Dranesville, Va. (2) / Dec. 6, 1861

Engagement, Dranesville, Va. (2) / Dec. 20, 1861

Advance on Manassas, Va. (3) / March 10 - 15, 1862

McDowell's Advance on Falmouth, Va. (4) / April 9 - 19, 1862

Movement to White House, Va. (5) / June 9 - 12, 1862

Seven Days Battles, Va. / June 25 - July 1, 1862

Battle, Gaines Mill (6), Cold Harbor (7), Chickahominy (8), Va. / June 27, 1862

Battle, Glendale (9) (Nelson's Farm) (10), Frazier's Faarm (11), Charles City Cross Roads (12), New Market Cross Roads (13), Willis Church (14), Va. / June 30, 1862

Battle, Malvern Hill (15), Crew's Farm (16) (Poindexter's Farm) (17), Va. / July 1, 1862

Campaign in Northern Virginia (Second Bull Run Campaign) / Aug. 16 - Sept. 2, 1862

Battle, Groveton, Va. (18) / Aug. 30, 1862

Battle, Second Bull Run, Manassas, Groveton Heights, Va. (3) / Aug. 31, 1862

Maryland Campaign / Sept. 6 - 17, 1862

Battle, South Mountain, Md. (19) / Sept. 14, 1862

Battle, Antietam (Sharpsburg), Md. (20) / Sept. 16 - 17, 1862

Movement to Falmouth, Va. (4) / Oct. 3 - Nov. 19, 1862

Battle, Fredericksburg, Va. (21) / Dec. 12 - 15, 1862

Burnside's "Mud March", Va. (22) / Jan. 20 - 24, 1863

Gettysburg Campaign / June 25 - July 24, 1863

Battle, Gettysburg, Pa. (23) / July 1 - 3, 1863

Pursuit to near Manassas Gap, Va. (24) / July 5 - 24, 1863

Bristoe Campaign (25) / Oct. 9 - 22, 1863

Advance to the line of the Rappahannock River, Va. / Nov. 7 - 8, 1863

Engagement, Rappahannock Station, Va. (26) / Nov. 7 - 8, 1863

Mine Run Campaign (27) / Nov. 26 - Dec. 2, 1863

Wilderness Campaign / May 4 - 5, 1864

Battle, Wilderness, Va. (28) / May 5, 1864

While in the line of battle at Wilderness, Va. on the evening of May 5, 1864, the Ninth Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry was ordered back to Pennsylvania to be mustered out of Federal service. The unit returned to Harrisburg and mustered out of Federal service there on May 13, 1864.

During its career the regiment sustained the loss of six officers and one hundred and thirty-one enlisted men killed or mortally wounded. An additional one officer and forty-nine enlisted men died from disease or other non-battlefield causes.


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(c) December 2019